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How to install Classic by Mac model age?

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For more on the differences between Classic and Booting into Mac OS 9, see my Migration from Mac OS 9 to Mac OS X FAQ.

Macs of different ages have different capabilities when it comes to Classic. The dates below are when specific models were released as new Macs according to the spec pages:

http://support.apple.com/specs/

11/1997-7/2002 The G3 and G4 Macs released during this period (except the original G3/250 Powerbook) can use the 9.2.1 retail installer disc to install Mac OS 9. If they shipped with a version of 9, they can only use a newer retail version of 9 to install 9 for use with the Classic environment. A minimum of 9.1 needs to be installed to use Classic. The article below lists which versions of 9 each Mac shipped with:

http://support.apple.com/HT2191

If you need to upgrade to 9.1 or higher, follow the directions in this article:

http://support.apple.com/HT1387

Also check if the firmware needs to be updated before installing 10.2 or later:

http://support.apple.com/HT1395

8/2002-12/2002 The Macs which shipped new during this period shipped with a restore 9 installer disc and could not use the retail installer disc for Mac OS 9. Call AppleCare if you are missing those discs:

http://www.apple.com/contact/phone_contacts.html

To install Classic from the restore discs, follow the directions in this article:

http://support.apple.com/HT1561

867 Mhz Macs and faster Macs that shipped during this period 11/1997-12/2002 can also boot into 9 when Leopard (10.5) is installed, but can't use Classic unless Tiger (10.4) or earlier is installed on a separate bootable hard disc by the Startup Manager, or partition of the boot hard drive. Pre-Firewire 800 Powermac G4s which shipped during the next time period also have this ability if they were 867 Mhz or faster.

1/2003-12/2005 The machines which shipped new during this period (except the PowerMac G4 pre-Firewire 800 which could boot into 9) could only use Classic, and thus once upgraded to Leopard can't use Classic anymore. If you kept a separate partition or booted off an external hard drive that had Tiger they could continue to use Classic. Article http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=61802 still applies for restoring Classic to Tiger and older operating systems on these Macs.

1/2006 - present Intel Macs which shipped during this time period can't use Classic at all.

Return to Migration from Mac OS 9 to Mac OS X FAQ.